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The current logo for the National Basketball Association (NBA) Draft (no year).

TheNBA draftis an annual event dating back to1947in which the (now thirty) teams from theNational Basketball Association(NBA) candraftplayers who areeligibleand wish to join the league. These are typicallycollege basketballplayers, but international players are also eligible to be drafted. College players who have finished their four-year college eligibility are automatically eligible for selection, while theunderclassmenhave to declare their eligibility and give up their remaining college eligibility. International players who are at least 23 years old are automatically eligible for selection, while the players younger than 22 have to declare their eligibility. Players who are not automatically eligible but have declared their eligibility are often called early-entrants or early-entry candidates. The draft usually takes place at the end of June, during the NBA offseason. Since 1989, the draft has consisted of two rounds; this is much shorter than the entry drafts of the othermajor professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada, all of which run at least seven rounds. Sixty players are selected in each draft. No player may sign with the NBA until he has been eligible for at least one draft.[1]

In the past,high school players were also eligible to be selected. However, starting in the2006 draft, high school players were not eligible to enter the draft directly after graduating from high school. The rules now state that high school players will gain eligibility for draft selection one year after their high school graduation, and they must also be at least 19 years old as of the end of the calendar year of the draft. Some players have chosen to use that year to play professionally overseas for example, such asBrandon Jennings(Italy),Emmanuel Mudiay(China), andTerrance Ferguson(Australia).Thon Makerwas eligible for the2016 draftdespite not going to college because he chose to undertake a postgraduate year, so he was technically one year removed from graduation.

Some players must be at least 19 years of age during the calendar year of the draft, and a player who completed basketball eligibility at an American high school must also be at least one year removed from the graduation of his high school class. Restrictions exist on players signing withsports agentsand on declaring for, then withdrawing, from draftsalthough most of them are enforced by theNCAArather than the NBA. There had been only 44 draftees from high school to college to play in the NBA throughout this process. Any players who are not an international player, must be at least one year out of the graduation of his high school class in order for them to qualify for the upcoming draft. Not many high school players went directly to the NBA draft for almost 20 years afterDarryl Dawkinsin 1975 because of the exposure of the college games.

In the early years of the draft, teams would select players until they ran out of prospects. The1960and1968 draftswent 21 rounds. By1974, it had stabilized to 10 rounds, which held up until1985, when the draft was shortened to seven rounds. By agreement with theNational Basketball Players Association, the drafts from1989onward have been limited to two rounds, which givesundrafted playersthe chance to try out for any team.[2]

From 2009 through 2015, the college underclassmen had until the day before the April signing period to withdraw their name from the draft and retain NCAA eligibility. Beginning in 2016, players could enter the draft and participate in theNBA Draft Combinemultiple times and retain NCAA eligibility by withdrawing from the draft within 10 days after the end of the mid-May NBA draft combine.[3]

The NBA Draft Lottery is an annual event held by the NBA, where the teams who did not make the playoffs in the past year participate in a state-lottery style process in order to determine the first three picks of the draft.[4]The team with the worst record receives the best odds of receiving the first pick. The NBA introduced the lottery process in 1985. The league was attempting to counter accusations that certain teams were purposefully losing in order to gain a chance to participate in the annual coin flip, where the worst team in each division flips a coin to see who will receive the first pick in the upcoming draft.[5]

In the current lottery system, the league uses a lottery-style ping-pong ball machine with 14 balls numbered 1-14, and 1,000 four-digit combinations are assigned to the 14 lottery teams.[4]The worst team receives 250 combinations, the second worst getting 199, the third worst team 156, and so on.[4]After the first three draft picks are determined, the rest of the teams are ordered in reverse order based on their record in the previous season.

The lottery is generally held in the third or fourth week of May. The NBA goes to great lengths in order to keep the selection process both fair and not tampered with in any way. The actual Lottery procedure will take place in a separate room just prior to the national broadcast onESPN. Select media members, NBA officials and representatives of the participating teams and the accounting firm ofErnst & Youngwill be in attendance for the drawing.[6]Attendees arent allowed cell phone or any other electronic access until the number one pick is revealed on the television broadcast.[4]

The NBA draft has been dominated by collegiate players since the draft was put in place in 1950. In more recent years high school seniors have also had a large impact on the draft. These include players likeKobe BryantLeBron JamesKevin GarnettDwight HowardTracy McGradyandAmare Stoudemire. However, because of the new age requirement put in place in 2005, high school seniors are no longer eligible for the draft, unless they were declared as postgraduates by the NBA, which would not happen until 2015 withIndianprospectSatnam Singh Bhamarain the second round and again in 2016 with South SudaneseAustralian prospectThon Makerin the first round.

Foreign players have made a large impact on how teams are now drafting. When the draft began, foreign players were not selected. As the years progressed, things began to change and a few international players were selected. The first foreign player, in the sense of being a national of a country other than the U.S., to be chosen first overall in the draft wasin1978. However, Thompsons selection was not a true harbinger of the games globalization, as he had spent much of his childhood inFlorida, and had played college basketball atMinnesota. Thompson has three sons, one is NBA champion,Klay Thompson. One of the first foreign players selected in the draft to play in the NBA wasManute Bolout of the Sudan in 1983 in the 5th round by the San Diego Clippers. Bols selection was later deemed ineligible by the NBA. Two years later Bol was drafted again by the NBA this time out of Division IIUniversity of Bridgeportin 1985 as the 31st pick overall in the second round. Although Bol did not have a stellar career, he is known for being one of the tallest players ever to play the game at 7 feet and 7 inches. He holds the record for being the tallest player ever to hit a 3-point field goal. The following two years saw two players born outside the U.S. selected first overallin1984andJamaica-born AmericanPatrick Ewingin1985. However, like Thompson before them, both had played U.S. college basketballOlajuwon atHoustonand Ewing atGeorgetownand Ewing had also played high school basketball in the U.S.

By the1999 draft, the number of foreign players being drafted dramatically increased. The top pick in the1997 NBA draftTim Duncan, became the third international player picked number 1 overallalthough his designation as international is a matter of semantics, as he is a native of theUnited States Virgin Islandsand, like all USVI natives, is a U.S. citizen by birth. He also had played U.S. college basketball atWake Forest. Including Duncan, 12 international players were selected in the two rounds of the draftalthough half of them, including Duncan and the next two such players picked, had played college basketball. The1998 draftsaw another foreign player picked first overall,, but like Duncan he had played college basketball, in his case atPacific. In 2001 the highest drafted foreign player,Pau Gasol, was selected 3rd overall by the Atlanta Hawks. That would all change the following season whenYao Mingbecame the first foreign player without U.S. college experience to be selected number 1 overall. Not only was the first overall pick an international player, but five more picks in the first round alone were also from overseas. In total, the 2002 draft produced 17 international players, with only three of them (all second-round picks) having U.S. college experience.

As noted earlier, four international players had gone first overall before 2002, although all had played college basketball in the U.S., and one of them was in fact a U.S. citizen by birth. It was not until2002that an international player without college experience went first overallYao Ming. His selection was not only a watershed moment for the NBA, but it also had a large impact in Yaos homeland of China.Hannah Beech(2003) wrote Yao has single-handedly transformed his countrymen from nameless, faceless millions into mighty men who can jam with the very best.[7]Yao has helped the NBA grow into a worldwide product. Beech (2003) goes on to write Ratings for NBA games broadcast on Chinese TV have never been higher than this year as the nation keeps track of its new favorite team, Yaos Houston Rockets.[7]For his career Yao averaged a solid 19.0 points per game, 9.2 rebounds per game, 1.89 blocks per game, and shot 82.6 percent from the free throw line. It had later gotten to a point where the last four drafts from 20132016 all held international prospects as 1 selections in their respective drafts before ending the run in 2017.

The320142015and2016NBA drafts saw international players picked first overall. In 2002, theHouston RocketsselectedYao Mingfrom China first in the draft. In 2005, theMilwaukee BuckspickedAndrew Bogut, from Australia by way of theUniversity of Utah, 1. The next year, theToronto RaptorsdraftedAndrea Bargnanifrom Italy, making him the second foreign player without U.S. college experience and the first European to be selected number 1 overall. In 2013, theCleveland CavaliersselectedAnthony Bennett, who played atUNLV, first overall and making Bennett the first Canadian to be drafted at 1. In the2014 NBA draft, the Cleveland Cavaliers, again picking 1, selected Canadianshooting guard. During the2015 NBA draft, theMinnesota Timberwolvesselected American / Dominican CenterKarl-Anthony Townsas the first player from the Dominican Republic to become the 1 selection, teaming up withAndrew Wigginsin the process. During the2016 NBA draft, thePhiladelphia 76ersselected Australian ForwardBen Simmonsto be the 1 selection, the first time the franchise got one in 20 years since the1996 NBA draftwhen they selected the first overall pickAllen Iverson, a sophomore fromGeorgetown.

Some of the most noted NBA draft years are19841996, and2003. Each of those is often referred to as one of, if not the, best NBA draft ever. The 2003 NBA draft is now considered the best draft in the last 15 years, with superstars such asLeBron JamesDwyane WadeCarmelo AnthonyandChris Boshheadlined. The2000 NBA drafthas been regarded as the worst in history, withSports Illustratedcalling its first round a horrible group of players.[8]The1986 Draftwas notable for the number of solid and even outstanding players selected in later rounds, partly because of drug problems that claimed the life of second overall pickLen Biasand affected the careers of several other first-round picks.[9][10]

The NBA draft has been televised since1980, the same year theNFLandNHLtelevised (or publicized) A Networkbroadcast the draft as part of itscontractwith the NBA until1984; starting in1985TBSdid so as part of itsNBA on TBSpackage. From1990to2002TNTtook over the draft as more NBA properties moved to the network (theNBA on TNT). When ESPN acquired the rights to the NBA fromNBCin2002ESPNbegan broadcasting the draft (starting in2003) with theNBA on ESPN, which it continues to do today.

One-and-done rule about to hit colleges hard Ken Davis, NBC Sports, March 23, 2010

Roots of one-and-done rule run deep Myron Medcalf, ESPN, June 26, 2012

The unknown future of one-and-done Myron Medcalf, ESPN, June 27, 2012

Some college better than none: One-and-done here to stay Mike DeCourcy, December 9, 2011

. 2006. Section 1a.Archivedfrom the original on February 11, 2013.

Vertuno, Jim (2016-01-13).NCAA rule change to allow NBA evaluation

Zillgitt, Jeff (July 22, 2017).Draft lottery trickier than it might appear.

Dengate, – Let the Ping-Pong Balls Fall.

2016 NBA Draft Lottery: How the drawing process works & Lottery odds.

Beech, Hannah (April 28, 2003).Yao Ming Chinas Incredible Hulk of the hardcourt becomes an NBA sensation.

. June 24, 2005. Archived fromthe originalon October 27, 2006

Forrester, Paul (June 23, 2006).Draft daze: The sad saga behind the talented NBA Class of 86.

The Top 50 NBA Draft Lottery Busts of All-Time. Ryan Feldman, June 15, 2008

Recurring sporting events established in 1950

Articles needing additional references from April 2009

This page was last edited on 14 January 2018, at 17:22.

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